Potency of Land Under Smallholder Oil Palm Plantation for Soybean Farming in Bungku Village, Jambi

Sunarti, Sunarti and Refliaty, Refliaty and Saad, Asmadi (2015) Potency of Land Under Smallholder Oil Palm Plantation for Soybean Farming in Bungku Village, Jambi. Prosiding The International Symposium for Sustainable Humanosphere (ISSH);. pp. 91-98.

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Abstract

The dry land in Jambi is also a target for smallholder oil palm plantation development in Indonesia that has limited availability of land for development of food crops such as soybean. Nowadays, Indonesia is one of importer countries of soybeans. The land under oil palm plantation can also be used for development of soybean simultaneously by intercropping systems. The objective of this research was to evaluate the land characteristics and suitability of land under several age-gradient of oil palm of smallholder for soybean growth and to find appropriate technology for that. The research was conducted at Bungku Village, Batanghari District, Jambi. Data of research consisted of secondary data (temperature and rainfall) from related institutions and primary data (characteristics and management system of land under oil palm). The primary data obtained was based on field observation and analysis of soil sample at laboratory. The land suitability was evaluated by matching method. The data was analyzed descriptively. The research showed that land under smallholder of oil palm plantation at Bungku Village consisted of 0, 1, 3, 6, 9, and 14 years old oil palm and had high compaction, low water content, and very low - low chemical fertility while it had high rainfall, temperature, and relative humidity. The research also showed that the land under several age-gradient (0, 1, 3, 6, and 14 years old) of oil palm were classified as marginally suitable (S3) for soybean growth with nutrient retention as its limiting factor while the land under 9 – years - old of oil palm was classified as moderately suitable (S2) for soybean and its limiting factor were nutrient retention and erosion hazard. Therefore, the development of soybean farming under oil palm plantation should use conservation farming system by combination of organic and inorganic fertilizer and conservation tillage application.

Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian > Agroekoteknologi
Depositing User: SUNARTI
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2021 01:53
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2021 01:53
URI: https://repository.unja.ac.id/id/eprint/19095

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