Laksono, Bangun Joko (2018) Jurnal-P2D115004. Studi Komparatif Terhadap Sistem Kemitraan Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Pola Bagi Hasil (70:30) dan Pola Bagi Fisik Lahan (50:50) Di Kabupaten Batanghari. (In Press)

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Bangun Joko Laksono, Comparative Study on Partnership System of Oil Palm Plantation Profit Sharing (70:30) and Pattern for Physical Land (50:50) In Batanghari District, guided by Drs. Ir. H. Saad Murdy, M.S. as the First Advisor and Dr. Ir. Ernawati HD, M.P. as Supervising Counselor. Oil palm plantations (Elaeis gunieensis Jack) is one of the most widely opened agribusiness opportunities in the world, because the production is the main need of the industry to be processed into various daily necessities for the community. The public and business ambitions continue to increase to cultivate oil palm plantations with the expansion of land and various efforts to increase land productivity. The development of area and production area and occurs as one of the response from the palm oil plantation businessmen and the general public to the high economic value of oil palm. However, efforts to increase the area of oil palm plantations by companies are currently constrained by: (1) limited availability of land reserved for plantations; (2) the existence of regulation on land conversion and concession permit limitation. While efforts to increase productivity in oil palm plantations among others are constrained by: (1) limited financing, skilled labor and technology (in the process of production and processing results); (3) lack of access to capital resources; (4) weakness of market domination. To overcome some of the constraints and limitations above, one of the efforts that has been done by the government is to issue various regulations that regulate the business partnership in various sectors, one of which is the partnership in the plantation sector. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there were significant differences in the variables tested between the profit sharing pattern (70:30) and the pattern for the physical land (50:50). Technique Analysis of data used is the analysis of different test Independent Sample t-Test. Based on the analysis result of different test of Independent Sample t-Test, at group statistic output shown mean number (mean) for each variable tested. Furthermore, from the Independent Samples t-Test output of the production, acceptance, maintenance, total cost, and income variable variables, the sig (two-tailed) value is 0,000. Because the value of sig 0,000 <0,05, it can be concluded that there is a significant difference between farmers partner pattern A and pattern B on these variables. The average production of Pola A partner farmers is 86,790 kg / farmers with 15,200 kg / ha / year (15.2 ton / ha / year) farm productivity, lower than production standard on 22 year old plants of 20 ton / ha / year. Average revenue of Rp. 138.864.000, - / farmer / year or Rp 24.319.971, - / ha / year, the average total cost of farming is Rp. 30.863.075, - / farmer / year or Rp. 5,643,874, - / ha / year, with an average income of Rp. 108.000.925,-/farmer/year or Rp.18.676.097, - / ha / year. The farmers' current partner earnings figure A is higher than the B pattern because farmers no longer pay credit installments and partner management fees, and only allocate very minimal maintenance costs (Rp 551,880 / ha / year). Maintenance cost savings are made with consideration to reserve funding for replanting preparation, whereby the age of the plant has reached 22-23 years. The average production of partnership garden of Pattern B is 130,553 kg / farmer / year with productivity of 45,600 kg / ha / year (45,6 ton / ha / year), higher than production standard at 8 year old plant of 26 ton / ha /year. Average revenue of Rp. 208,884,480, - / farmer / year or Rp. 72.960.000, - / ha / year, the average total cost of farming is Rp. 189.954.324, - / farmer / year or Rp. 66.120.000, - / ha / year, with average income of Rp. 18.930.156, - / farmer / year or Rp. 6.840.000, - / ha / year. The earnings of farmer partner of pattern B are currently lower than pattern A because it still bears the burden of credit installment cost and high maintenance cost considering all the management of the garden is handled by the partner company using standard of garden and technology maintenance. The proportion of financing used is 35% of revenues for credit installments, 30% of revenues are used for maintenance costs, 5% for company management fees, plus operational costs for harvesting, transportation and loading and unloading of Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFB). While the remaining 30% is purely a net income of partner farmers without incurring additional costs. The net income of farmer partner pattern B will increase if the credit installment has been paid off. If the credit installment has been paid off, the farmer income of Pattern B will increase by 35% from the current income figure to Rp. 25,555,711, - / farmer / year or Rp. 9.234.000, - / ha / year. The allocation of sufficient costs for garden maintenance activities and other operational activities has a positive effect on the productivity of the garden and the acceptance of farmers, but negatively affect the farmers 'acceptance during the credit installment has not been paid off, and will again have a positive effect on farmers' income after the installment of the loan is paid off. Keywords: Oil palm plantations, plantation sector partnerships, profit sharing patterns, patterns for physical land

Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2018 01:09
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2018 01:09
URI: https://repository.unja.ac.id/id/eprint/4149

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