Land Reclamation through Soil and Water Conservation Methods: A Review

Sunarti, Sunarti (2014) Land Reclamation through Soil and Water Conservation Methods: A Review. In: International Seminar “Land Reclamation Technology for Sustainable Land Use”, 6-7 November 2014, Universitas Jambi.

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Degradation of land function is increasing as caused of some exploitative human activities, especially mining. Jambi Province is one of region that has high potential in mine material and targeted area for mining exploitation like coal. The coal mining has caused soil function changes, although at post mining have refilled. The functions of soil are including hydrology and fertility functions. This paper discuss about several techniques of soil and water conservation to reclaim ex-coal mined land. Therefore, land ex coal mined in Jambi must be reclaimed in order to reuse for many uses. Organic carbon content is important indicator for soil productivity, because soil organic carbon influences on soil compaction, porosity, and nutrient availability. Based on Law Indonesia No. 37/2014 about soil and water conservation and World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies (WOCAT), soil and water conservation methods consist of vegetative, agronomy, structure, and management method. But the effective soil and water conservation methods to increasing and maintenance soil organic carbon are (1) agronomy method and (2) vegetative method. Both of them are easier and cheaper than structure method. The structure method need specific knowledge, complicated, and high cost.

Type: Conference (Speech)
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pertanian > Agroekoteknologi
Depositing User: Sunarti
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2023 12:55
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2023 12:55

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